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The World AIDS Epidemic

By Stephen E. Mather
Maryland Newsline
Thursday, Oct. 23, 2003

1. What area of the world is most affected by AIDS?

North Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Eastern Europe
South America

2.  How many people worldwide were living with HIV or AIDS in 2002?

102 million
82 million
42 million
22 million

3.  How many people worldwide were estimated to have contracted HIV in 2002?

1 million
5 million

4.  Which five countries could account for as many as 75 million HIV and AIDS cases in 2010, according to the U.S. National Intelligence Council?

Nigeria, Russia, Ethiopia, India and China
Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Zimbabwe and the Congo
Saudi Arabia, China, India, Nigeria and Russia
South Africa, Zimbabwe, Columbia, Jamaica, China

5.  How many people worldwide were receiving treatment with antiretroviral drugs (the most widely accepted method of treating HIV) at the end of 2002?

8 million
18 million

6.  What percentage of HIV patients live in developing countries?

95 percent
85 percent
75 percent
65 percent

7.  What percentage of HIV-infected people worldwide are women?

30 percent
40 percent
50 percent
60 percent

8.  What percentage of pregnant women at risk of infection have access to drugs that protect their babies from HIV infection, according to a recent report?

5 percent
10 percent
20 percent
30 percent

9.  How much will prevention, treatment, care and support programs in low- and middle-income countries cost in 2005, according to UNAIDS estimates?

more than $500 million
more than $1 billion
more than $10 billion
more than $100 billion

10. How many condoms were needed for HIV/AIDS prevention in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe in 2000, according to Population Action International?

700 million
1 billion
5 billion
8 billion

Copyright 2003 University of Maryland Philip Merrill College of Journalism

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