WASHINGTON - Maryland's decision to use touch-screen voting machines in its
March 2 primary has moved it to the forefront of nationwide election reform,
according to a report released last week.
But questions about the reliability of the new machines in a large-scale
election have some wondering if the forefront is where Maryland should be.
Still, state officials say some change is better than a repeat of the
contested presidential election of 2000.
"There will never be a perfect election," said Rep. Steny H. Hoyer,
D-Mechanicsville. But with polls showing voters split politically, Hoyer said
there is "a premium on accurate elections."
Toward that end, he sponsored the 2002 Help America Vote Act, which gets its
first test this year. Elements will be on display Tuesday in New Hampshire's
presidential primary, though not a touch-screen system.
The law gives states nearly $4 billion to educate voters and poll workers and
to replace punch-card and lever machines with more modern voting equipment. It
also calls for the creation of statewide voter databases and requires first-time
voters who registered by mail to show proof of identity at the polls if they did
not provide that identification with their registration.
"The whole objective of HAVA (the act) is to make it easier to vote, provide
assurance for voters and ensure there is no cheating," Hoyer said.
Maryland has already met most of the law's requirements -- it was granted a
waiver on creating a voter database -- and is one of only two states, along with
Georgia, that will use statewide touch-screen voting, according to
electionline.org, a non-partisan Web site devoted to election reform.
Maryland is "one of the few states that went ahead of the pack, along with
Georgia and Florida," said Dan Seligson, editor of electionline.org. "They took
a long look at their deficiencies and created a top-down controlled system."
But the move away from optical scanners, punch cards and levers has not been
A study by computer experts found security flaws in machines made by Diebold
Election Systems, an Ohio-based company that has a $55 million contract to
provide more than 11,000 machines to Maryland. The study warned that multiple
votes by the same person could be cast, but the state went ahead with the
purchase after a review by a private consultant and assurances that the glitches
could be fixed.
During the 2002 elections, Allegany, Dorchester, Montgomery and Prince
George's counties used Diebold machines without any major incidents. Any
problems reported with the machines have not been software-related, but have
been along the lines of electrical outages, Hoyer said.
But Seligson said that while Diebold machines have performed well in various
places around the country, they have not yet been used on a large scale like a
Hoyer concedes that problems with the accuracy of Diebold-tallied results are
possible -- errors, either mechanical or human, have always been part of the
election process, he said. But he believes the touch-screen system is the best
way to cut down on mistakes.
"This voter system is more user-friendly. It's easy to use and easy to
understand," Hoyer said. "I have far greater confidence that Americans will vote
and be confident in their vote."
But that confidence could be shattered by a close or contested vote, Seligson
said. Since the touch-screen systems do not keep a paper record of votes, he
said, people could become suspicious if it came down to one or two machines that
"If a recount is necessary, calls will grow louder for paper trails," he
Congress is already considering an amendment requiring a paper trail, but
Hoyer said Friday it is too soon to judge if that will be necessary.
Suspicions have already been raised by a November letter for a Republican
fund raiser at Diebold Chairman and CEO Walden O'Dell's house. O'Dell's letter
vowed to "deliver" Ohio's electoral votes to President Bush, but Diebold said
the letter reflected O'Dell's personal views, not the company's.
But any problems that arise will be overcome, said Hoyer and Rep. Robert W.
Ney, R-Ohio. The two men co-sponsored the Help America Vote Act.
"At the end of the day, we'll look back, and although there are some
glitches, we'll say this makes for a healthier voting process," Ney said.
Maryland will find out sooner than most states if election reform is on the
right track, Seligson said.
"Maryland moved ahead of the rest of the country," he said. "This year will
be a test to see if that decision paid off."